Boniface General Medical center Site. There have been a number of highly publicized endoscope cleaning incidents in both USA and Canada that underscore the need for improving the cleaning process for versatile endoscopes, said Dr. Alfa, study principal investigator and lead author. Improved cleaning using a validated automated system is an important step in ensuring reliable reprocessing of flexible endoscopes and thus reducing risk for individuals. In the usa each year, 34 million gastrointestinal techniques alone are performed using flexible endoscopes approximately. Numerous research of manual reprocessing indicate widespread difficulty in achieving endoscope producers’ recommended specifications for manual cleaning and great variability in the manual cleaning performed.The investigators looked at identical twins because they share the same DNA. Nevertheless, genes are affected by the surroundings each twin encounters also, so they’re not really clones of each other when it comes to how their bodies function, based on the researchers. The researchers began with information on 140,000 genetic regions and narrowed them right down to five regions that appear to have the ability to predict – – 70 % of that time period – – whether the same male twin is gay or direct based on how genes in those regions work or express themselves.